Bharat mein kis prakar ki shasan pranali pai jaati hai?

Explore Bharat mein kis prakar ki shasan pranali pai jaati hai aur janiye kaise yeh sangh sarkar aur rajya sarkar ke beech vibhajit hai. Is SEO metadescription mein Bharat mein kis prakar ki shasan vyavastha hai, uski mukhya visheshtaon ko samjhe aur loktantrik samvidhan ke tahat kaise kaam karti hai.

भारत में संघीय शासन प्रणाली है जिसमें केंद्र सरकार (केंद्र सरकार) और राज्य सरकार (राज्य सरकार) अलग होते हैं। केंद्र सरकार के मुख्यमंत्री उदेश्य देश के अंतरराष्ट्रीय मामले और सुरक्षा है, जबकी राज्य सरकार मुख्य रूप से राज्य के स्थिर मुद्दे और विकास पर ध्यान देती है। इसके अलावा, स्थायी स्वशासन में पंचायती राज और नगर निगम/नगर पालिका भी शामिल हैं।

भारत में संघीय शासन प्रणाली

Bharat mein kis prakar ki shasan pranali pai jaati hai?

Level of GovernmentKey InstitutionsKey Leaders
Union Government (Kendra Sarkar)President (Rashtrapati)– President (Rashtrapati)
– Union Cabinet (Kendra Mantri Mandal)– Prime Minister (Pradhan Mantri) and Cabinet Ministers
State Government (Rajya Sarkar)– Chief Minister (Rajya Mukhyamantri)– Chief Minister (Rajya Mukhyamantri)
– Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha)– Members elected by the public
– Legislative Council (if applicable)– Members elected and nominated
Local Governance (Sthaniya Swashasan)– Panchayati Raj– Gram Panchayat, Kshetra Panchayat, Zila Parishad
– Urban Local Bodies– Nagar Nigam (Municipal Corporation) or Nagar Palika (Municipality)
Judicial System (Nyayik Pranali)– Judiciary– Supreme Court, High Courts, Lower Courts
– Chief Justice, Judges
Bharat mein kis prakar ki shasan pranali pai jaati hai ||

Bharat ka shasan pranali federal (संघीय) hai, jo ek sangh (Union) aur rajyon (States) ke beech banta hua hai. Bharat ke Rajya Sarkar aur Kendra Sarkar (Union Government) ke beech alag-alag prakar ke shaktiyon ka vivaran hai.

Union Government (Kendra Sarkar)
State Government (Rajya Sarkar)
Local Governance (Sthaniya Swashasan)
Judicial System (Nyayik Pranali)
  1. Kendra Sarkar (Union Government):
    • Rashtrapati (President): Rashtrapati Bharat ke Rashtriya Mukhyamantri hote hain. Ve desh ke Pradhan Sabhapati bhi hote hain, lekin unki bhumika adhik samarthan pradhan karne ki hoti hai.
    • Kendra Mantri Mandal (Union Cabinet): Kendra Sarkar ka sabse uchch nirnayak aur niti nirdharak tantr hai. Isme pramukh mantriyon ko sammilit kiya jata hai.
  2. Rajya Sarkar (State Government):
    • Rajya Mukhyamantri (Chief Minister): Har rajya mein ek mukhyamantri hota hai, jo us rajya ki sarkar ka netritva karta hai.
    • Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly): Pratyek rajya mein ek vidhan sabha hoti hai, jiska sadasya loktantrik taur par chuna jata hai.
    • Rajya Sabha (Legislative Council): Kuch rajyon mein vidhan parishad bhi hota hai, lekin sabhi rajyon mein nahi. Iska uddeshya adhikansh rajyon mein samajik, sanskritik, aur vyavsayik pahluon ko dhyan mein rakhna hai.
  3. Sthaniya Swashasan (Local Governance):
    • Panchayati Raj: Gaon aur kasbon mein panchayati raj vyavastha hoti hai, jisme gram panchayat, kshetra panchayat, aur zila parishad shamil hote hain.
    • Nagar Nigam aur Nagar Palika: Shahron mein sthaniya swashasan ke liye nagar nigam (municipal corporation) ya nagar palika (municipality) hoti hai.
  4. Nyayik Pranali (Judicial System):
    • Nyayalay (Judiciary): Bharat mein nyayik pranali ek svatantra aur sakaratmak nyayalay system par adharit hai. Supreme Court Bharat ka sarvoch nyayalay hai.

Is prakar, Bharat ka shasan pranali ek sangh sarkar aur rajya sarkar ke beech banta hua hai, jise loktantrik taur par chuna gaya hai.

Bharat mein kis prakar ki shasan pranali pai jaati hai?

Bharat mein kis prakar ki shasan pranali pai jaati hai?

Bharat mein federal shasan pranali hai jisme Kendra Sarkar (Union Government) aur Rajya Sarkar (State Government) alag hote hain. Kendra Sarkar ke mukhya uddeshya desh ke antarrashtriya mamle aur suraksha hai, jabki Rajya Sarkar mukhya roop se rajya ke sthaniya muddon aur vikas par dhyan deti hai. Iske alawa, sthaniya swashasan mein Panchayati Raj aur Nagar Nigam/Nagar Palika bhi shamil hain.

Bharat mein kis prakar ki shasan pranali pai jaati hai?

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